Evidence of the zika virus first appeared 40 years ago in the African nations of Uganda, Sierra Leone, and Tanzania. But as Dr. Sergio Cortes writes on his official blog, Sergio Cortes Oficial.com, the virus has also made its way into Asia, in places like India and Thailand.
In 2015, the virus started to emanate in Latin America in places such as Brazil, Mexico, and Columbia. It was so severe that the World Health Organization was forced to issue a warning regarding the dangers and the side effects for the individuals previously infected.
Health experts in Brazil were on edge as the disease made its initial entrance in April 2015, and the number of vitiated continued to rise. Moreover, Dr. Cortes revealed what is worrying doctors in the country. It was previously a rumor that zika virus had a relationship with microcephaly, and possibly Guillain-Barre syndrome. At least one part has turned out to be authentic.
The Brazilian Ministry of Health discovered that in areas most affected by microcephaly, the number was precisely the same in areas most troubled by zika virus.
The zika virus is not transferable between humans. The only way to get infected is by receiving a bite from the Aedes aegypti mosquito, which is known for spreading dengue fever, and chikungunya fever. Dr. Cortes also noted that it is possible for a human to spread the disease to a mosquito. When that happens, a chain reaction ensues, and it is tough to control.
The good news is that zika virus symptoms are not severe and last between three to seven days. The bad news is that there are no tests available to recognize the disease. The most frequent symptoms are fever, muscle pain, and skin rashes.
As of this moment, the best way to get a diagnosis is to visit a doctor.
According to Dr. Cortes, there are no specific treatments available to cure the disease, just ways to calm the symptoms.
People who are infected with the bite can purchase over-the-counter analgesic remedies and if the pain is severe enough, it would be wise to see a doctor, where anti-inflammatory drugs could be prescribed. Drugs containing the presence of acetylsalicylic acid, according to Cortes, should be avoided. Aspirin, for example, has an anticogulant effect, which could lead to bleeding and hemorrhages.
Pregnant women are some of the most vulnerable to the virus and need to be especially careful. In Brazil, it is recommended to avoid certain times of the day that attract more mosquitoes, and to wear clothes and repellents to keep bugs away. Moreover, at night, the use of mosquito nets is suggested.
Besides avoiding insect bites, it is important to understand the dangers of water. Mosquitoes lay and reproduce their eggs in water, which is an easy way to spread dengue and chikungunya fever if one is not paying attention, according to Cortes.